Administering and serving a diverse society like ours is an art, not every person is blessed with. However civil services give enough chances to learn from disentangling the prevailing issues of a society and effectively grow on the professional front. But it is always advised to be prepared from the very beginning so that the journey further gets only easier. To start with let’s perfect your preparation and understand what is the least knowledge UPSC expects from its future Administrators, to know of, through the Civil Services Examination. In this article we are sharing with you some important topics asked in Civil Services Examination, directly or indirectly. These topics will help you prepare for both, the Prelims and Mains stage of the examination!
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Below is the list of important topics asked in Civil Services Examination, that is sure to help you score a good rank –
- Schemes, Policies and other Public Welfare Programmes launched by the Government of India
Civil Services being a public administration in direct actions requires the Civil Servants to keep aware and updated about all the latest Public Welfare Schemes and Policies launched (and any latest announcements) by the Government of India. Public Welfare Schemes and policies are largely meant to influence the entire society in different capacities and Civil Servants are to implement the same in an effective Public Administration. And thus, an Administrator must be well versed with various schemes and programs, to the depth of its provisions, and utilise the same in their actions and decisions. Students can read these schemes from Current Affairs (read them on a regular basis for follow-up updates), Budgets (For financial) & Economic Surveys (for analysis), Questions can be framed from Jan-Dhan Yojana, Swachh Bharat Mission, UDAN, Bharatmala Pariyojana (BMP), etc.
Read comprehensive Daily News Analysis here!
- Bills, Acts and recommendations passed (important pending ones too) by the Indian Parliament
Indian parliament sanctions various important bills, acts and recommendations, every year, which directly or indirectly affect the public. Directly relating to the Public welfare, questions in Civil Services Examination are also framed from the provisions of these bills, acts and recommendations. To keep updated with the same, aspirants must regularly read from the PRS (also from their annual report) and the PIB website for the latest updates and information. Topics like GST, 14th Finance Commission and its provisions.
- Major Achievements of India, especially in the field of Science and Technology (Space Missions, advancements and inventions in the field of Defence, etc.)
Questions asked in the Civil Services Examination range from a variety of streams, and especially from major achievements for India in the different fields like Science and technology, defence, etc. Considered as one of the toughest sections, candidates must be well up-to-date with all the latest inventions and major achievements. Read regular updates from Ministry of Defence, Indian Research Space Organisation (ISRO), Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), and important current affairs updates.
- Environment – Agreements, Conventions, Summits and Major Decisions
In the current scenario, if we look at the most discussed topic in India, Environment and Natural Occurrences are at the top of the list. Call it the ‘Kerala Floods effect’ or just the awareness, Environment issues are on the peak. In fact, raising environmental issues have always been one of the major discussion factors amongst International Organisations, agreements and conventions. Thus, a Civil Services aspirant must understand these issues and related policies. A little ‘in-depth’ knowledge, about organisations like WWF, Birdlife International, etc., an event like the Climate Change Summits, International Conferences along with some famous protocols like the Kyoto protocol and their implications, is also a must.
- International Relations – Treaties, Pacts and conventions
Civil Services Examination always sees a question from International Relations and Global position of India in different aspects like Global politics, India’s role in International pacts & conventions, etc. This section also contains questions based on the International group, of which India is a part of, like the ASEAN, BIMSTEC, SAARC, etc. This section outlines the importance of current affairs knowledge and understanding for an entire answer can be framed from a recent event, a treaty signed, conventions held, etc. You must know about the major groups like the World Bank, WTO, etc.
Apart from 5 of these important topics, there are some other subjective topics asked in Civil Services Examination, you must know of –
- Historical Freedom Drive (1930-47)
- Physical Geography of India
- Cultural and heritage sites in India
- Trademarks, Patents and other indications followed in India
- Conservation sites in India like the National Parks
The above-mentioned topics asked in civil services examination, and more can be covered from the basic NCERT’s. Although make sure that you are making hand-written notes (short & crisp) and assessing the preparation at regular intervals with the Mock Tests. Also, make sure that you are revising and writing each of these topics in detail, at-least thrice before you sit for the actual exam.
With this article, we assure you that knowledge of these topics asked in Civil Services Examination will help you get a strong hold on your syllabus and if meticulously prepared, nothing can stop you from getting a path-breaking score at the coveted Civil Services Examination. Just remember that hard work, sincerity, focus and dedication can help you reap success. And yes, Current Affairs is the Key!